Idiom of the week: burn the midnight oil



Verbs of perception and five senses poems




Verbs of perception 

The verbs of involuntary perception (to seeto hearto feelto smellto taste) have certain characteristics in common:
• They are often used with the auxiliary verb can:

Can you hear that? Do you hear that? Are you able to hear that?
I can’t see much. I am not able to see much.
I can feel the baby moving inside me. I feel the baby moving inside me.

•  They are not conjugated in the progressive form, unlike verbs which express voluntary actions (‘to look (at)’, ‘to listen (to)’):

I hear what you’re saying, but I don’t want to listen to you anymore.

However they are also used to express voluntary actions and can therefore be conjugated in the progressive form:

Bruno can’t see who’s knocking at his door. (involuntary)
Bruno is not seeing anybody today. (voluntary)
Can you feel the banana leaf added to this mixture? (involuntary)
Horatio is feeling a banana leaf. He says he likes its texture. (voluntary)
Luna’s cake tastes good. (involuntary)
Luna is tasting her cake. (voluntary)

•  They are formed with an object followed by a verb in the infinitive without ‘to’ (like the verbs to watchto observe…):

I saw the sun rise this morning.
Everybody heard Philip yell.
Verbs of perception with adjectives:

Verbs of perceptionseemappear
Your plan seems realistic.
He appears older than he really is.

Verbs of senselookfeeltastesmellsound
The blue dress looks better.
This fabric feels lovely.
I didn’t enjoy the food. It tasted horrible.
These flowers smell beautiful.
That sound system sounds expensive.